Neuropsychology is a specific field under the branch of psychology. It’s a science that is concerned with the brain and nervous system influence a person’s behavior. When the central nervous system is effected due to brain damage or injury is called neuropsychology. The ramifications of damage causes emotional and psychological effects. The reasons of having the disorder is due to stroke, tumors and head trauma.
Cognitive function of Neuropsychology study
There are different areas to study in neuropsychology. The sub classification of neuropsychology is divided in following way:
- Attention – most commonly studied area in neuropsychology.
- Perception – the alternative of perception is known as agnosia.
- Memory – it’s also the most studied area that for process from psychological perspective and later study psychological processes.
- Language – a verbal studies, formulating processes, coding, comprehension and decoding of a brain.
- Executive functions – it’s composed of various strategies and cognitive skills. This function can affect decision making, solving problems, creating plans or self- control.
Patients of neuropsychology
There are patients in wide range and the disease deal with age from infants, children or adolescents to adults or senior citizens. Neuropsychologist normally deal with the patients suffered from stroke or traumatic brain injuries.
It happens that patient have memory failures problem. There are workshops and counseling center deal with brain training and focus on brain exercise to gain traction on the work. The disorders such as schizophrenia and depression also interfere in the perceptive functions. Interesting part about neuropsychologists is, they evaluate the brain of healthy people with the damaged brain to sketch the analogy between the patient and healthy.
Typically for children, neuroscience studies the relationship between developing brain and behavior. The child neuropsychology and counseling center are available for diagnosis and recovery. The areas that are evaluated for children are hyperactivity and developmental disorders.
It’s a process in which neuropsychologist focuses on recovering the damaged cause to the nervous system through different techniques and strategies. For example, to compensate functional disorders. To determine the neuropsychology evaluation is done to find cognitive areas that are damaged. Then rehabilitation program is designed accordingly. The purpose is to restore, substitute and compensate.
Evaluation test of neuropsychology
The test of neuropsychological is designed for cognitive assessment performance. The area that is measured is specified on the test. Below are few examples of different test to figure out the cognitive abilities:
- Attention – d2, TMT
- Memory – Pairs of words, vocabulary
- Perception – Ishihara test, Gollin incomplete figures
- Language – Boston test, FAS
- Praxis abilities – Clock drawing, PIEN-B
- Executive function – Search for the key, Zoo map
In current days, the computerized test are also increasing. CogniFit is the most used computerized training test and assessment tool that’s available in multiple languages and have 23 cognitive skills.
Role of Neuropsychologist
Neuropsychologist basically diagnose and evaluate psychological and behavior connotations of brain damage. The adult or child neuropsychology and counseling centers are available with professional doctor dealing with the patients daily. The rehabilitation process ultimately takes time depending on the brain recovery. The main purpose of neuropsychologist is:
- Evaluate or establish clinical diagnosis
- Therapy and rehabilitation
- Orientation to family.
Neuropsychologist need to have important research and academic role in order to cognize the patient. The behavior of brain and cognitive abilities. The neuropsychologist can be found in the following places:
- Child psychology
- Forensic psychology
- Memory Units
- Day Centers and residence
- Mental health teams
Lastly, science has specialized to point where neuropsychology plays an important role to study the behavior and skill development in nexus with nervous system. It finally discover different ways to rehabilitate treatment. The preventive treatment has allowed to protect from Alzheimer’s disease.
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